A migraine headache is a headache in which, a throbbing pain is experienced on only one side of the head. This is caused by abnormal dilation or contraction of blood vessels in the head.The migraine headache can last from 4 hours to 3 days. Many people suffering from migraine headaches also experience nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light. A migraine headache can occur in any age but usually occurs during the age of 10 and 40 years. Moreover, women are more prone to experiencing migraines than men. It is a serious problem for many people especially for those, who get attacks frequently. Such people have to miss work, school and other important activities due to the attacks. Although there is no cure for the headaches, they can be prevented. Their frequency can also be reduced. Some tips for preventing a migraine headache are mentioned below.
Tips for Migraine Headache Prevention
First of all, you need to find out what triggers the migraines. Various things like certain foods, change in environment, hormonal changes and stress can trigger a migraine headache. The triggers are different for different people. The triggers can be found by keeping a headache diary. In the headache diary, the things eaten and done as well as the symptoms felt should be recorded. The diary can also help a doctor in determining the effectiveness of treatment. When the triggers are found, they simply have to be avoided in order to prevent a migraine attack.
Secondly, learn to recognize early warning signs of a migraine attack. Many attacks are triggered by certain symptoms. These might include things like mood changes, fatigue, restlessness and weakness in arm and leg. Relaxing and avoiding triggers when such symptoms are experienced can help in preventing the headache or lessen its severity.
Thirdly, watch what you eat. Certain foods commonly trigger migraines and should be avoided. These include foods containing caffeine and preservatives. In addition to this, a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables should be taken. Also, meals should never be skipped since a hungry stomach is most likely to trigger a migraine attack.
Fourthly, keep yourself well-hydrated by drinking lots of water. This is because dehydration is said to be a common trigger of migraines. Thus, drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day is a must.
Fifthly, try stress management techniques. Stress is known to be one of the top triggers of migraines and tension headaches. Thus, stress management techniques like yoga should be practiced.
Apart from this, exposure to intense stimuli should be avoided. These include bright light and strong scents. Such stimuli can lead to migraine attacks.
Another way to prevent migraines is to keep a regular sleep schedule. Sleep deprivation can cause migraines and so getting appropriate sleep is necessary for preventing headaches. Apart from appropriate amount of sleep, regular sleep schedule is necessary. Thus, a specific time for going to sleep and waking up should be maintained.
Finally, migraines can be prevented through regular exercise. Exercise helps in reducing the frequency of migraine headaches as it enhances the mood and reduces stress. However, strenuous exercise should be avoided.